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Landed Cost

Jun 30, 2022Basics of Importing

Landed Cost in Shipping

The Landed Cost is the total cost of shipping a product from its supplier to its intended destination. This includes the product’s price, shipping and freight charges, and any other expenses incurred in obtaining the product. If you are importing goods, the Landed Cost will also include expenses such as customs clearance, duties, insurance, taxes, storage requirements, and others.

In short, the Landed Cost is the total of your purchase price, freight shipping, insurance, potential taxes, and customs duties, transaction fees, brokerage fees, port or terminal fees, and all the other extra costs borne to transport the shipment through the dock door.

As an entrepreneur, it’s important to have a clear understanding of your product’s landed cost. Landed cost is the total cost of a good when it arrives at its destination, and includes factors like shipping, customs, and insurance.

If you’re importing products to sell in the local market, it’s essential to know the landed cost in order to set the right selling price and make a profit. Similarly, understanding the landed cost of imported products will help you determine the amount of capital that needs to be invested in purchasing and delivering the goods.

Without taking the time to calculate the landed cost, you could face unexpected fees and charges that make importing the products unviable . Landed cost is also important for businesses that ship products to other countries. By understanding the landed cost, businesses can avoid surprises and ensure that they are pricing their products correctly.

Components of Total Landed Cost

Landed cost is the total cost of buying goods. This includes the cost of the item, shipping, taxes, and any other fees associated with getting the item to your buyer.

There are five components that are considered while calculating the total landed cost:

  1. The cost of the item
  2. Shipping
  3. Taxes
  4. Duties
  5. Other fees (such as insurance)

Calculating the landed cost of an item can help you determine whether or not to buy goods from a certain supplier. It can also help you negotiate better terms with your supplier.

Landed Cost the Same vs. Cost of Goods Sold

When it comes to your business’ bottom line, two important terms you need to know are “landed cost” and “cost of goods sold” (COGS).

Landed cost encompasses all of the expenses associated with getting a product from its point of origin to your door, while COGS only refers to the cost of manufacturing or purchasing the product itself. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at the difference between these two concepts and how they can impact your business.

Landed cost includes not only the COGS but also all of the expenses associated with distribution, fulfillment, and labor. For manufacturers, COGS will include expenses related to labor and materials. If you’re running a marketplace or using the drop shipping model, your COGS will be primarily the cost of purchasing the products you want to sell.

Some organizations take things a step further with advanced COGS calculations that give insight into overall development and sales. This calculation may include salaries for production or contractors, commissions paid to affiliates, and more. COGS calculations are done per unit.

Understanding the difference between landed cost and COGS can help you make informed decisions about your business’ bottom line. By taking all expenses into account, you’ll have a better picture of your true costs and can price your products accordingly.

Calculating the Landed Cost

Landed cost is the total cost of a good when it arrives at its destination, and includes shipping costs, customs fees, risk coverage costs, and overheads. Here’s a step-by-step guide to calculating the landed cost of your imported goods.

  1. Collect all invoices and records involved in the shipping process. This will help you determine the unit cost of the product.
  2. Classify your expenses into the five components of landed cost: unit cost, shipping costs, customs fees, risk coverage costs, and overheads.
  3. Use the formula below to calculate the landed cost per unit: Unit cost + shipping costs + customs fees + risk coverage costs + overheads = landed cost per unit
  4. Keep in mind that discounts or free shipping offers may cause the landed cost to vary from one order to another. So make sure you have all the necessary information on hand before calculating the final cost.
  5. If your product is grouped with other products in a shipment, there are different ways of calculating the landed cost per unit. The most straightforward approach is to split the collective shipping cost among all units included in the purchase order. Alternatively, you can divide the shipping cost by the number of unique products in the shipment, or by the percentage of weight or space that your product contributes to the delivery.

By following these steps, you can be sure that you’re accurately calculating the landed cost of your imported products. This will help you stay on top of your expenses and keep your business running smoothly.

Reducing the Landed Cost

There are several ways to reduce landed cost:

  1. Seek new suppliers: Look for local or in-country sources for raw materials and manufacturing services. This may help you save money on transportation.
  2. Negotiate rates with carriers: Carriers frequently provide discounts on volume and other goods. You can negotiate favorable prices or find a method to get cheaper rates. This may assist you save money on shipping costs.
  3. Optimizing warehouse personnel and space: This makes it easy to manage the inventory process and reduces the overhead charges that are included in the cost of the product. This also helps reduce storage costs.
  4. Seek new locations: If the storage facility is closer to the port or other entry points, it can bring down the cost of transporting the goods. This can help reduce the overall cost of the goods.
  5. Improve your inventory: The landed cost includes the cost of the items you sell, and the cost of any inventory that gets damaged or spoiled while in transit. If you can manage your inventory better, this can help to avoid spoilage and loss, which will reduce your inventory costs.

You may be able to use automation to improve accuracy and reduce labor costs. This can help reduce administrative costs.

Free on board vs Landed Cost

When it comes to international shipping, there are two important costs to keep in mind: Freight on Board (FOB) and Landed Cost. Although they are both closely associated with shipping, they differ in a few key ways.

FOB refers to the price the retailer pays to a supplier at the factory to acquire the products. This includes costs for export packaging, fumigation, documentation, packing the container, and delivery to the shipper. However, it does not include shipping and import fees.

Landed cost is the total cost of acquiring and shipping a product. In other words, it’s the total price paid by a retailer until they receive the goods. The common charges involved in this are shipping costs, customs fees, insurance, and overheads.

So, when you’re considering international shipping costs, be sure to take both FOB and Landed Cost into account.


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